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  • Débat public du Conseil de sécurité sur les opérations de maintien de la paix des Nations Unies Statement 28/07/2014

    Intervention de S.E. Mme Sylvie Lucas, Ambassadeur, Représentant permanent du Luxembourg :

    "Monsieur le Président,

    Je remercie le Rwanda d’avoir organisé sous sa Présidence cet important débat public. Cette initiative illustre bien votre engagement en tant qu’important contributeur de troupes aux Missions des Nations Unies et de l’Union africaine et votre engagement en faveur d’une collaboration accrue entre l’ONU et les organisations régionales dans le domaine du maintien de la paix. Mes remerciements vont aussi au Secrétaire général, à l’Observateur permanent de l’Union Africaine et au Secrétaire général adjoint du Service européen pour l’action extérieure pour leurs présentations.
    Monsieur le Président,
    La coopération entre les Nations Unies et les organisations régionales est indispensable pour maintenir la paix et la sécurité internationales. Les exemples du Mali et de la République centrafricaine le montrent : les organisations régionales qui agissent sous mandat des Nations Unies voient leur légitimité accrue et peuvent obtenir un appui de l’ONU en cas de besoin. En retour, les Nations Unies peuvent bénéficier de l’expertise et de moyens opérationnels des organisations régionales.
    C’est sur le continent africain que la coopération entre l’ONU et les organisations régionales est la plus visible et la plus nécessaire. Au Soudan, y compris au Darfour, et au Soudan du Sud, l’ONU et l’Union africaine travaillent la main dans la main. Il est important à cet égard que le Conseil de sécurité continue d’appuyer résolument le travail de médiation entrepris par le Groupe de mise en œuvre de haut niveau de l’Union africaine. Nous espérons que ce soutien pourra être exprimé à l’occasion d’un prochain dialogue avec le Président Mbeki. Autre exemple de partenariat : au Soudan du Sud, un accord a été trouvé pour intégrer au sein de la MINUSS la force proposée par l’IGAD pour appuyer le mécanisme de supervision et de vérification de l’accord de cessation des hostilités. [...]

  • Security Council Presidential Statement on Mali Statement 28/07/2014

    The Security Council welcomes the commencement of the inter-Malian negotiation process in Algiers on 16 July 2014, in line with its resolutions 2100 (2013) and 2164 (2014), the statement by its President (S/2014/2), its previous press statements, as well as the 18 June 2013 Ouagadougou Preliminary Agreement, and which aims to achieve a comprehensive peace agreement ending the crisis.

    The Security Council commends the facilitation role played by Algeria, at the request of the Malian authorities, in the launching of these formal peace talks and in convening the Government of Mali and the signatory and adherent armed groups of the Ouagadougou Agreement. The Security Council also commends the close coordination between Algeria, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) mediation team, the European Union and other regional and international partners and encourages them to continue these important efforts.

    The Security Council commends the parties for the constructive dialogue and discussions held in Algiers between 16 July and 24 July 2014, leading to the consensual adoption of the roadmap (“Feuille de route des négociations dans le cadre du processus d’Alger”) by the parties. The Security Council calls on the parties to fully comply with the commitments outlined in the roadmap, including by engaging in the comprehensive peace talks in Algiers scheduled to begin on 17 August 2014. The Security Council underscores the importance of an inclusive and credible negotiation process open to all communities of the North of Mali, with the goal of securing a durable political resolution to the crisis and long-term peace and stability throughout the country, respecting the sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of the Malian State. [...]

  • Security Council Presidential Statement on illicit oil trade as source of revenue for terrorists in Syria and Iraq Statement 28/07/2014

    The Security Council recalls its resolutions 1267 (1999), 1373 (2001), 1989 (2011), 2129 (2013), 2133 (2014), and 2161 (2104) stresses the obligation of the Member States to prevent and suppress the financing of terrorist acts, and expresses grave concern over the reports of the access to and seizure of oilfields and pipelines in Syria and Iraq by terrorist groups listed by the Security Council 1267/1989 Committee, namely "Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant" and "Jabhat Al-Nusra", and underscores in this regard that any trade of oil with these entities would be inconsistent with the Council’s resolutions and that all States are required to ensure that their nationals and any persons within their territory do not trade in oil with these entities.

    The Security Council reaffirms its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Syria and Iraq, and in this regard, strongly condemns any engagement in direct or indirect trade of oil from Syria and Iraq involving terrorist groups. The Security Council also emphasizes that such engagement constitutes financial support for terrorists and may lead to further sanctions listings if those groups are listed by the Security Council 1267/1989 Sanctions Committee as associated with Al-Qaida.

    The Security Council notes with concern that any oilfields and related infrastructure controlled by terrorist organizations could generate material income for terrorists, which would support their recruitment efforts, including of foreign terrorist fighters, and strengthen their operational capability to organize and carry out terrorist attacks. [...]

  • Gaza Crisis: Security Council Presidential Statement Statement 28/07/2014

    The Security Council expresses grave concern regarding the deterioration in the situation as a result of the crisis related to Gaza and the loss of civilian lives and casualties.

    The Security Council calls for full respect of international humanitarian law, including the protection of civilian population, and reiterates the need to take appropriate steps to ensure the safety and well-being of civilians and their protection.

    The Security Council expresses strong support for the call by international partners and the Secretary-General of the United Nations for an immediate and unconditional humanitarian ceasefire, allowing for the delivery of urgently needed assistance, and they urged all parties to accept and fully implement the humanitarian ceasefire into the Eid period and beyond. The Security Council commends the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry for their efforts in this regard. [...]

  • Humanitarian Situation in South Sudan: Security Council Press Statement Statement 25/07/2014

    The members of the Security Council expressed grave concern about the catastrophic food insecurity situation in South Sudan that is now the worst in the world.  They further expressed deep alarm that the crisis in South Sudan may soon reach the threshold of famine as a result of continued conflict, civilian targeting, and displacement. 

    The members of the Security Council urged all UN Member States, who together pledged more than $618 million in new funding for both South Sudan and the region in May at the Humanitarian Pledging Conference in Oslo, to swiftly fulfill those pledges and to increase their commitments.  They stressed that these funds are critically needed now to provide life-saving assistance in view of the increasingly dire humanitarian situation in South Sudan. 

    The members of the Security Council called upon on all parties to respect and protect civilian populations, to refrain from any acts of violence directed against civilians, in particular women and children, to expedite safe and unhindered humanitarian access for the timely and full delivery of humanitarian aid to all civilians in urgent need of assistance in accordance with relevant provisions of international law, including international humanitarian law, and with the United Nations guiding principles of humanitarian assistance, and to fully respect international human rights law and international humanitarian law.

  • South Sudan: Security Council Press Statement Statement 25/07/2014

    The members of the Security Council strongly condemned the series of attacks launched on 20 July by armed youth and opposition forces, and the 23 July attacks by Government of South Sudan forces, as they fight for control of Nassir Town, Upper Nile State in South Sudan. 

    The members of the Security Council expressed deep regret at the lack of progress towards peace and reconciliation in South Sudan.  They reiterated their full support for the mediation efforts of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and urged all parties in South Sudan to immediately cease hostilities in accordance with the signed cessation of hostilities agreements, and to resume comprehensive and inclusive peace talks.  The members of the Security Council welcomed the IGAD announcement that peace talks would resume on 30 July and reminded the parties of their 10 June commitment to reach agreement on the formation of a Transitional Government of National Unity within 60 days. 

    The members of the Security Council underscored that attacks against civilians and United Nations peacekeepers may constitute a war crime.  The members of the Security Council extended their condolences to the families of those civilians injured and killed in these attacks, and to the people of South Sudan who deserve the opportunity to live in peace. [...]

  • Central African Republic: Security Council Press Statement Statement 24/07/2014

    The members of the Security Council welcomed the signing of a cessation of hostilities and violence agreement between armed groups in the Central African Republic during the Central African National Reconciliation Forum held in Brazzaville on 23 July 2014. They called on all parties to immediately and fully implement this agreement.

    The members of the Security Council applauded the efforts led by the Mediator of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), President Denis Sassou Nguesso, and its Chairperson, with the support of the United Nations and the African Union, to broker this cessation of hostilities and violence agreement between the parties. The members of the Security Council commended Transitional Head of State Catherine Samba-Panza’s active involvement throughout this process to foster this agreement.

    The members of the Security Council underlined that this agreement is a first step in a wider political process in the Central African Republic of ensuring durable peace, respect for human rights, protection of civilians and the rule of law.  They stressed the need to address the underlying causes of the conflict through an inclusive and comprehensive political dialogue and national reconciliation process, efforts to fight impunity, formulation of a disarmament, demobilization, reintegration (DDR) and repatriation (DDRR) strategy, including children formerly associated with armed forces and groups, and the rebuilding of effective state institutions.  The members of the Security Council underlined in this regard the paramount importance of preserving the unity and territorial integrity of the CAR. [...]

  • Libya: Security Council Press Statement Statement 23/07/2014

    The members of the Security Council welcomed the announcement of the final results of Libya’s parliamentary elections held on 25 June. They commended the Libyan people and the efforts of the High National Electoral Commission in ensuring their success, despite ongoing security challenges.
     
    The members of the Security Council urged the expeditious seating of the Council of Representatives to begin the important work of building political consensus among the Libyan people, agreeing upon a government and urgently seeking to progress Libya’s democratic transition.  They reiterated their support for the Constitutional Drafting Assembly’s important work to draft a constitution that meets the aspirations of the Libyan people to pave the way for a secure and prosperous future for Libya.
     
    The members of the Security Council condemned once again the continued violence in Libya, including the fighting around Tripoli International Airport, and reaffirmed that violence and threat of violence is unacceptable and should not be used to pursue political goals. They reiterated once again the need for all sides to engage in political dialogue and refrain from violence and actions that challenge the stability of the State. [...]

  • Débat public du Conseil de sécurité sur la situation au Moyen-Orient, y compris la question palestinienne Statement 22/07/2014

    Déclaration de S.E. Monsieur Jean Asselborn, Ministre des affaires étrangères et européennes du Luxembourg:

    "Monsieur le Président,

    Le Moyen-Orient semble aujourd’hui plus étranger que jamais à la paix. Au point que parler du Moyen-Orient, c’est parler des conflits au Moyen-Orient, comme si l’identité de la région était devenue indissociable des guerres qui la secouent. En son cœur, il y a le conflit israélo-palestinien qui, depuis sept décennies, est le miroir de l’impuissance de la communauté internationale. Depuis quinze jours, ce conflit est, une nouvelle fois, de manière dramatique, venu nous rappeler à nos responsabilités.

    Au moment où nous nous réunissons, l’offensive israélienne contre Gaza a déjà fait plus de 600 morts et plus de 3.500 blessés, pour la plus grande partie d’entre eux des civils. Gaza, qui était déjà une prison à ciel ouvert, se transforme, littéralement, en cimetière pour ses habitants. Y a-t-il un seul début d’argument pour justifier pareille effusion de sang, pareil usage disproportionné de la force armée contre des civils ? Non, il n’y en a pas. Certes, le droit d’Israël de se défendre et de protéger sa population n’est pas contesté. Et nous condamnons de la manière la plus ferme les tirs de roquettes qui s’abattent sur les villes israéliennes. Mais ce droit d’Israël ne justifie pas la terrible somme de souffrances qui est infligée aux populations civiles de Gaza.

    Ce sont désormais plus de 100.000 Palestiniens qui vivent en déplacés, plongeant la bande de Gaza dans une crise humanitaire et sanitaire sans précédent, aux conséquences plus tragiques encore que lors de l’opération « Plomb durci » en 2009. Entre tous, le tribut payé par les enfants est peut-être le plus affolant. Selon UNRWA, 30% des personnes tuées sont des enfants. S’il est vrai, comme l’affirment les organisations de terrain, que plus d’enfants ont péri sous le feu israélien que de combattants palestiniens, alors vraiment nous avons encore plus de raisons de nous indigner. [...]"

  • Iraq: Security Council Press Statement Statement 22/07/2014

    The members of the Security Council express their deep concern over reports of threats against religious and ethnic minorities in Mosul and other parts of Iraq controlled by Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), including the recent ultimatum to Christians to either leave the city, stay and pay a tribute, convert to Islam, or face imminent execution. The members of the Security Council are equally concerned by reports that all religious and ethnic minorities in Mosul and other parts of Iraq controlled by ISIL, along with anyone who opposes ISIL’s extremist ideology, are facing abductions, killings or the destruction of their property, and that the homes of some residents in Mosul have been marked.

    The members of the Security Council regret that over the course of a few weeks, minority communities that have lived together for hundreds of years in Mosul and the Ninewa province have come under direct attack and persecution by ISIL and associated armed groups. Tens of thousands of members of these ethnic and religious minority groups have been displaced or forced to flee and seek refuge, while many others have been executed and kidnapped.[...]

  • Security Council Vote on the draft resolution concerning flight MH17 Statement 21/07/2014

    Statement by H.E. M. Jean Asselborn, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs of Luxembourg:

    "Mr President,

    Luxembourg welcomes the unanimous adoption of resolution 2166. We commend Australia, and more specifically my colleague Julie Bishop, for having taken the initiative to prepare this important decision of the Council. 

    Luxembourg has voted in favour of the draft resolution and has cosponsored it for three reasons: to condemn in the strongest terms the downing of a civilian aircraft of Malaysia Airlines in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine on 17 July; to express our solidarity with the families and friends of the victims who were on board of flight MH17, as well as with their countries of origin; finally, to express our support for the on-going efforts to shed light on this catastrophe, through a full, thorough and independent international investigation in accordance with international civil aviation guidelines. Such an investigation is the only way to determine who is responsible for this unspeakable act.

    Despite everything that divides us on the crisis concerning Ukraine, the Security Council has finally been able to reach a consensus on this resolution. This is the least we could do to honour the memory of the 298 victims of this catastrophe, 298 lives lost to a crisis for which they bore no responsibility whatsoever, a crisis that has gone on for too long.

    On behalf of the people and the Government of Luxembourg, I would like to express our most sincere condolences to the families and friends of the 298 individuals who were on board of flight MH17. Among the victims was a family living in Luxembourg, an Anglo-Dutch couple and two of their sons, aged 12 and 14. We share the grief of the people and Governments of the Netherlands, Malaysia, Australia, Indonesia, the United Kingdom, Germany, Belgium, the Philippines, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, the United States, Ireland and Vietnam. Allow me to have a special thought for the Netherlands, a country with which we have close ties, which has been struck in a particularly cruel manner by this catastrophe. I salute my colleague and friend, the Minister of Foreign Affairs Frans Timmermans, who is with us today, and I assure him of our fraternal support in this difficult time. [...]

  • Formal meeting of the Security Council Working Group on children and armed conflict (DRC, Iraq) Statement 21/07/2014

    The Security Council Working Group on children and armed conflict held a formal meeting on 21 July 2014.

    The Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, Ms Leila Zerrougui, presented the Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo ( S/2014/453) on this occasion.

    The Special Representative also briefed the Working Group on the situation of children in Iraq.

  • Elements to the press read out by the President of the Security Council after the 20 July 2014 emergency meeting in consultations on Gaza: Statement 20/07/14

    The members of the Security Council expressed serious concern at the escalation of violence in the situation related to Gaza.

    The members of the Security Council called for respect of international humanitarian law, including protection of civilians.

    The members of the Security Council emphasized the need to improve the humanitarian situation, including through humanitarian pauses. [...]

  • Séance d’information publique du Conseil de sécurité sur la situation au Moyen-Orient, y compris la question palestinienne Statement 18/07/2014

    Intervention de S.E. Mme Sylvie Lucas, Ambassadeur, Représentant permanent du Luxembourg auprès des Nations Unies :

    "Monsieur le Président,

    Je remercie à mon tour le Secrétaire général adjoint aux Affaires politiques Jeffrey Feltman de son exposé.

    Les derniers développements en Israël et à Gaza suscitent une terrible impression de déjà-vu mêlée d’un profond sentiment d’impuissance. Le déjà-vu, ce sont les représailles qui succèdent aux représailles, les victimes civiles qui s’ajoutent aux victimes civiles, la voix des faucons et des extrémistes qui couvre la voix des modérés. L’impuissance, c’est celle de la communauté internationale qui, depuis la fin de la seconde guerre mondiale, continue de subir dans cette région du Moyen-Orient l’un de ses plus graves échecs politiques et diplomatiques.

    Aujourd’hui, le processus de paix est moribond et la violence prospère. Aujourd’hui, pourtant, nous devons répéter à tous ceux qui veulent l’entendre - et surtout à tous ceux qui ne veulent pas l’entendre - que davantage de guerre n’apportera pas davantage de sécurité. La guerre ne mène à rien si ce n’est à de nouvelles tragédies comme celle qui, avant-hier, a provoqué la mort d’un groupe d’enfants, quatre cousins fauchés par des obus alors qu’ils jouaient sur une plage de Gaza. [...]"

  • Séance d’information publique du Conseil de sécurité sur l’Ukraine Statement 18/07/2014

    Intervention de S.E. Mme Sylvie Lucas, Ambassadeur, Représentant permanent du Luxembourg auprès des Nations Unies :

    "Monsieur le Président, 

    Je remercie à mon tour le Secrétaire général adjoint aux Affaires politiques Jeffrey Feltman pour son exposé.

    A l’entame de mes propos, je souhaite exprimer, au nom du Gouvernement et du peuple luxembourgeois, mes condoléances les plus sincères aux familles et aux proches des 298 personnes à bord de l’avion de Malaysia Airlines qui s’est écrasé hier après-midi près du village de Grabovo, dans l’Est de l’Ukraine. Parmi les victimes se trouve également une famille anglo-néerlandaise vivant au Luxembourg. Nos sympathies vont aux Gouvernements et aux peuples des Pays-Bas, de la Malaisie, de l’Allemagne, de l’Australie, de la Belgique, du Canada, de l’Indonésie, de la Nouvelle Zélande, des Philippines et du Royaume-Uni.

    La communauté internationale doit aux victimes de faire la lumière sur les circonstances qui ont mené à cet événement tragique. Une enquête internationale complète, transparente et indépendante doit être menée à bien dans les plus brefs délais. Un accès sûr et sans entraves doit être assuré aux enquêteurs internationaux, tout comme aux observateurs de l’OSCE et aux représentants des pays affectés. Toutes les parties concernées doivent pleinement coopérer à cette fin. Nous saluons la disponibilité des autorités ukrainiennes à cet égard.

    Ceux qui ont commis cet acte odieux doivent être tenus responsables. [...]"

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