Prevention of Conflicts in Africa: Security Council Briefing
Under the Presidency of H.E. Ms Louise Mushikiwabo, Minister of Foreign Affairs Rwanda, the State which ensures the Security Council's Presidency in April, the Council held a briefing under the agenda item of Peace and Security in Africa, dedicated to the prevention of conflict in Africa through the prism of tackling root causes of conflicts.
In her statement, Ambassador Sylvie Lucas raised a number of root causes of conflicts and underlined the importance of putting into place a model of inclusive political and economic governance, which allows for an equitable redistribution of wealth, which guarantees all citizens better social protection and which gives priority to the creation of decent jobs, notably jobs for young people. Luxembourg's experience in the context of the Peacebuilding Commission strengthens our conviction that this holistic approach, which links sustainable socio-economic development, peacebuilding and security, as well as promotion of human rights and the rule of law, is indispensable to prevent relapse into conflict and violence.
The Ambassador also recalled that the fight against impunity for the gravest crimes constitutes an important element of conflict prevention and that the pursuit of justice and the quest for peace go together. She pointed out the role of national criminal justice systems, as well as the complementary role that can be played by the International Criminal Court, underlining that its deterrent alone can contribute to preventing conflict.
Ambassador Lucas finally called for a continuation of efforts for conflict prevention efforts on a regional level, in particular in the Sahel and Great Lakes regions.