Sexual Violence in Conflict: Security Council Open Debate
Under the presidency of the Foreign Minister of Rwanda, H.E. Ms Louise Mushikiwabo, the Security Council held an open debate on the topic of sexual violence in conflict, at which Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon presented his second annual report on sexual violence in conflict. The Special Representative of the Secretary-General for sexual violence in conflict, Ms Zainab Hawa Bangura and Ms Saran Keita Diakité of the Network for Peace and Security for Women in the ECOWAS region, from Mali, also briefed the Council.
In her statement to the Council, Ambassador Sylvie Lucas stated that sexual violence in conflict spares no one, affecting adults as well as children, women as well as men. In order to ensure that the Council is fully informed, the Ambassador underlined the importance of putting into place monitoring, analysis and information-sharing mechanisms in peacekeeping operations and special political missions and to foresee the deployment of a sufficient number of Women Protection Advisers.
Once perpetrators of sexual violence have been identified, the Council should adopt targeted measures more systematically, in order to increase pressure on those responsible and for them to be brought to justice and judged, primarily on the national level. The practice established by Committee 1533 concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo should be followed in this regard.
Ambassador Lucas concluded by sharing her hope that the briefings made to the Council by the Special Representative on specific situations, such as Syria, as well as the discussions that the Council is going to hold during the coming months on this theme, shall lead to concrete outcomes. Concerning follow-up, Luxembourg recommends envisaging the implementation of a system allowing for better monitoring of the implementation of the commitments on the fight against sexual violence by the parties to a conflict, in application of resolution 1960 .